Understanding Your Baby's Soft Spot

As stewards of your little one's health and safety, you're always on the lookout for information that will help you keep your baby as protected as possible. Today, we're tackling a topic that can make even the most laid-back parents sit up and take notice—the soft spot on a baby's head!

These soft spots, or 'fontanelles' as they're formally known, are like puzzle pieces that haven't quite clicked into place yet. They're areas of your baby's skull that remain unfused at birth to make their grand entrance through the birth canal a little easier. And they stick around, like uninvited guests, for several months post-delivery. These spots can certainly spark a bit of parental worry, but fear not - we're here to shed light on the mysteries of the fontanelles!

In this forthcoming blog post, we'll delve deep into the world of soft spots. We'll explore why these natural wonders exist, what they mean for your baby, and most importantly, how to keep them safe from any potential risks. Buckle up and get ready for a journey into one of nature's most fascinating baby design features.

We're excited to arm you with the knowledge you need to confidently protect your baby's soft spot. So, let's get ready to dive headfirst into this hot topic and ensure that your baby's head remains the safe and healthy cradle of dreams it's meant to be! It's time to put on our learning caps and discover more about the extraordinary world of fontanelles!

What is the Soft Spot? 

Your baby's soft spot or anterior fontanelle comprises two pieces of bone that have not yet fused together completely. This area gives your baby room to grow and breathe during those first few months of life and will eventually close over time. The size and shape of the soft spot can change throughout your baby's life, but generally, it will be diamond-shaped by their first birthday. Though the anterior (front) fontanelle typically closes between 9 to 18 months, the posterior (back) fontanelle usually takes up to two years to close. While some babies may take longer or quicker than this timeline to close their soft spot, parents should always consult with a pediatrician if concerned about any abnormal changes.

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Taking Care of Your Baby's Soft Spot 

mother holding her baby outside


Your baby's soft spot should remain flat when sleeping or resting, as this means everything is functioning normally. If you notice that it begins to bulge outward, don't panic — this could indicate that they are dehydrated or have been crying too much. In either case, contact your doctor right away so they can assess the situation further. Additionally, remember that their soft spot should never be touched or prodded in any way; simply leave it alone and let nature take its course.

It's also important to protect your baby's soft spot from any bumps or falls — always make sure they are wearing a properly fitting helmet when riding in a stroller, bike seat or car seat. Also, make sure to use thick blankets for swaddling instead of thin ones - this will help protect them from any hard surfaces while ensuring that they stay warm enough during their naps. Finally, ensure all toys and items placed near your little one are age-appropriate so there won't be anything too heavy for them if they reach out or roll over onto something unexpected!  

How Can I Monitor My Baby’s Soft Spot? 

Monitoring your baby's soft spot is an important part of keeping them healthy. Here are some tips for checking on your little one's fontanelle: 

  • Gently press down on either side of the fontanelle with two fingers to check its firmness. It should feel slightly springy when pressed down but should not move around too much or appear sunken in or bulging outward. If it does, contact your pediatrician right away. 
  • Check for signs of infection or illness, such as redness around the area, swelling, or discharge from the fontanelle. Contact your doctor immediately if you notice these symptoms.  
  • Take note of how often and how long you can keep pressure on either side of the fontanelle without feeling any pain or discomfort from your baby, as this could indicate that something isn't right with their health.  

Have additional questions about caring for your baby? Visit our blog to get the information you want!

What Is A Soft Spot Injury? 

A soft spot injury occurs when the fontanelle — made up of two parts, the anterior or front fontanelle and posterior or back fontanelle — is injured somehow. Head trauma typically results in bruising or swelling, making it the most common soft spot injury. Head trauma can occur during childbirth if the baby is delivered via forceps or vacuum extraction and after birth due to physical contact with hard objects. It is important to note that while bruises may not appear immediately, they may become visible within 24 hours after an incident has occurred. 

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How To Treat A Soft Spot Injury 

baby and mother laying in a bed

If you suspect your baby has sustained a soft spot injury, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. If your baby's doctor approves home care, you should monitor the soft spot closely and note any changes in size or shape. You can also apply ice packs over the affected area for 20 minutes at a time, multiple times daily to reduce inflammation and discomfort. 

When To Seek Medical Attention 

Parents need to be vigilant about monitoring their babies during this period of recovery from a soft spot injury. If there are signs of increased swelling, redness around the area, fluid drainage from the wound site, fever over 101 degrees Fahrenheit, vomiting, or irritability, it could indicate infection or other more severe complications requiring immediate medical attention. 

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Caring For Your Little One

Your baby's soft spot is an important part of their development and should be taken care of with utmost care and attention! Understanding what the soft spot is and how to protect it best are both essential steps in keeping your little one safe while they grow up healthy and happy! With a bit of extra caution and some love, you can make sure that nothing happens to harm them while protecting them as best as possible until their bones fuse together entirely on their own timetable.

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